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Codex Sinaiticus

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The Codex Sinaiticus is a handwritten copy of the Greek bible, considered one of the earliest manuscripts that contains a mostly-complete version of the Bible as is recognized today, with both the old and new testaments. It was copied some time during the fourth century. It was discovered in the 19th century at the Greek Monastery of Mount Sinai, and most of it is today in the British Library. Originally it contained the whole of both Testaments. The Greek Old Testament (or Septuagint) survived almost complete, along with a complete New Testament, plus the Epistle of Barnabas, and portions of The Shepherd of Hermas.

Along with Codex Vaticanus, Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most valuable manuscripts for establishing the original text of the Greek New Testament, as well as the Septuagint. It is the only uncial manuscript with the complete text of the New Testament, and the only ancient manuscript of the New Testament written in four columns per page which has survived to the present day Contents

Content

The text of the Old Testament contains the following passages:

  • Genesis 23:19 – Genesis 24:46 — fragments
  • Numbers 5:26–Numbers 7:20 — fragments
  • 1 Chronicles 9:27–1 Chronicles 19:17
  • Ezra-Nehemiah (from Esdr 9:9).
  • Book of Psalms–Book of Sirach
  • Book of Esther
  • Book of Tobit
  • Book of Judith
  • Book of Joel–Book of Malachi
  • Book of Isaiah
  • Book of Jeremiah
  • Book of Lamentations
  • 1 Maccabees–4 Maccabees

John 7:52-8:12 without the pericope 7:53-8:11 in Sinaiticus

The text of the New Testament lacks several passages:[15]

Omitted verses

  • Gospel of Matthew 12:47, 16:2b-3, 17:21, 18:11, 23:14, Matthew 24:35;
  • Gospel of Mark 7:16, 9:44, 9:46, 11:26, 15:28, 16:9-20 (Long ending of the Gospel Mark, referring to the appearance of Jesus to many people following the resurrection)
  • Gospel of Luke 17:36
  • Gospel of John 5:4, Pericope adulterae (7:53-8:11) (see Image "John 7:53-8:11"), 16:15, 20:5b-6, 21:25
  • Acts of the Apostles 8:37; 15:34; 24:7; 28:29;
  • Epistle to the Romans 16:24

Page of the codex with text of Matthew 6:4-32

Omitted phrases

  • Matthew 5:44 εὐλογεῖτε τοὺς καταρωμὲνους ὑμᾶς, καλῶς ποιεῖτε τοῖς μισοῦσιν ὑμᾶς (bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you);
  • Matthew 6:13 — ὅτι σοῦ ἐστιν ἡ βασιλεία καὶ ἡ δύναμις καὶ ἡ δόξα εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας. ἀμήν (For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.) omitted.
  • Matthew 10:39a — ο ευρων την ψυχην αυτου απολεσει αυτην, και (Ηe who finds his life will lose it, and);
  • Matthew 15:6 — η την μητερα (αυτου) (or (his) mother);
  • Matthew 20:23 και το βαπτισμα ο εγω βαπτιζομαι βαπτισθησεσθε (and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with)
  • Matthew 23:35 — υιου βαραχιου (son of Barachi'ah) omitted; this omission is supported only by codex 59 (by the first hand), three Evangelistaria (ℓ 6, ℓ 13, and ℓ 185), and Eusebius.
  • Mark 1:1 — υιου θεου "the Son of God" omitted.
  • Mark 10:7 — omitted και προσκολληθησεται προς την γυναικα αυτου (and be joined to his wife), as in codices Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209, Codex Athous Lavrensis, 892, ℓ 48, syrs, goth.
  • Luke 9:55b-56a — καὶ εἶπεν, Οὐκ οἲδατε ποίου πνεύματος ἐστε ὑμεις; ὁ γὰρ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου οὐκ ἦηλθεν ψυχὰς ἀνθρώπων ἀπολέσαι ἀλλὰ σῶσαι (and He said: "You do not know what manner of spirit you are of; for the Son of man came not to destroy men's lives but to save them) omitted as in codices: P45, P75, B, C, L, Θ, Ξ, 33, 700, 892, 1241, syr, copbo;
  • John 4:9 – ου γαρ συνχρωνται Ιουδαιοι Σαμαριταις (Jews have no dealings with Samaritans), it is one of so-called Western non-interpolations; omission is supported by D, a, b, d, e, j, copfay, it was supplemented by the first corrector (before leaving scriptorium);

Some passages were excluded by the correctors

Additional phrase to John 21:7 on the margin — οι δε ειπον δι οληϲ τηϲ νυκτοϲ ε κοπιαϲαμεν και ουδεν ελαβομεν επι δε τω ϲω ρηματι βαλουμεν

  • Matthew 24:36 — phrase ουδε ο υιος (nor the Son) the first corrector marked as doubtful, but the second corrector (b) removed the mark.
  • Mark 10:40 ητοιμασται υπο του πατρος μου (instead of ητοιμασται) — the first corrector phrase "υπο του πατρος μου" marked as doubtful, but the second corrector removed the mark.
  • In Luke 11:4 ἀλλὰ ῥῦσαι ἡμᾶς ἀπὸ τοῦ πονηροῦ (but deliver us from evil) included by the original scribe, marked by the first corrector (a) as doubtful, but the third corrector (c) removed the mark.
  • Christ's agony at Gethsemane (Luke 22:43-44) — included by the original scribe, marked by the first corrector as doubtful, but the third corrector (c) removed the mark.
  • Luke 23:34a, "Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do" — it was included by the first scribe, marked by the first corrector as doubtful, but a third corrector removed the mark.

These omissions are typical for the Alexandrian text-type.

External links

Official site of the Codex Sinaiticus Project, which includes images of the entire book: [1]


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